Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev has died at 91
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev addresses a group of 150 business executives in San Francisco, June 5, 1990.
Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who played a central role in ending the Cold War, died Tuesday at the age of 91.
Gorbachev's trademark policies of glasnost and perestroika helped open up the Soviet economy and liberalize society in the late 1980s, confront its past and engage with Western leaders on arms control.
He also oversaw the withdrawal of Soviet troops from about a decadelong military campaign in Afghanistan, as well as the USSR's handling of Chernobyl.
Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990, he was seen by many abroad, including President Ronald Reagan, as a visionary.
He felt he belonged to a generation of children of World War IIHe was born in 1931 in Privolnoye, a village in southern Russia.
But his legacy is complicated at home, where many viewed him as the man who engineered the collapse of the Soviet Union.